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Footballs/Rugby/Netballs/Soccer other balls ... buyers guide
The sports ball buyer guide is our effort to help sports ball buyers to make more educated in their decisions. This guide about the sports ball parts, production process and materials characteristics can be followed as an example for the most of other inflatable sports balls but exceptions exists. This section includes the following parts, and the sports balls like, soccer, football, rugby, netballs, volleyballs etc are almost identical :
The four main components of a sports ball are the cover, the lining, the stitching, and the bladder. Understanding these components and their options will help you in choosing the perfect ball.
Sports Balls Materials used in Production
- Outer Cover
- Inner Layers (Polyester or Cotton)
- Bladder (Latex or Butyl)
The ball cover is made of synthetic or artificial leather or PU leather. Various types of synthetic leather are used in the outer covering of ball for producing different qualities and it depends how much your pocket allows to be spent on balls. The cover material also determines the performance of sports balls in various playing conditions. The playing condition can affect the durability and flight of ball in play.
The top quality sports balls used in Competition matches and are mostly made in PU synthetic leather, giving ball the balls superior feel, softness, durability, superior finish and perfect maneuverability.
Promotional sports balls or practice balls are usually made of or rubber stitched covers that give soft feel, durability and water proof qualities. The polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is often used economical models of balls and aretherefore lesser longlasting then PU balls. It is affordable balls. The PVC cover can have any PMS colours finish in shiny, matt or textured.
The printing on balls is done by penetrating the ink into the covering material like pvc, PU or rubberised material of the ball. Any brand names, ANy Colour, Any Logos and Any Designs can be are printed on on the die cut panels. Printing is done by silk-screening printing process.
Lining or Layering Process
The process of placing multiple layers of polyester /cotton which is bonded together (laminated) is known as lining or lamination process of sports balls cover material to make a tought and durable cover. The fabric layers gives the ball strength, structure, control and helps the ball to retain its shape and bounce. The lining of synthetic leather shell with strongest cross laminated layers of fabrics is done by using latex adhesives. During these lamination process we mix latex with anti fungus ingredients to make ball fungus-proof.
Professional balls have four or more layers of lining. Mid-level balls generally are comprised of two or three layers of cotton and polyester layers of lining. Lower-priced balls generally are constructed of two layers. Promotional or practice balls are often constructed with less layers of lining.
The stitching is performed by turning the ball inside out, so none of the stitches show on the outside. Hand sewn balls have tighter and stronger seams. The highest quality balls are hand-stitched with polyester cord or similar thread. The nylon waxed twine is also used to prevent water intake. 5-ply twisted polyester cord is the material of choice in stitching together a sports ball.
The number of panels -- the different segments that make up the outside covering of the ball -- varies for each design. A 32 panel ball is most common and other includes 26, 18 panels used in various professional leagues. Other variations may include 20 hexagonal, 12 pentagonal surfaces or a 6 panel ball. Fewer panels generally mean the ball can be curved more when kicked because of less stability to the covers.
The bladder is the inside part of the ball that is filled with air. Often there are two types of bladders are used in sports balls - latex bladder and butyl bladder.
The latex bladders offer the softest feel and surface tension but do not provide the best air retention. On the other hand butyl bladders retain air for longer periods of time and offer the excellent combination of playing quality.
Various BALL SIZES
sports balls come in the following Sizes:
- Size 5 Ages 12 and up
- Size 4 Ages 8 and 12 years
- Size 3 Under 8 years
- Size 2 and Midi balls
- Size 1 Promotional Mini sports balls
- Size 3 balls are generally used for children under the age of 8 and are 23-24 inches in circumference and weigh between 11-12 ounces
- Size 4 balls are used for players between the ages of 8-12 , these balls weigh between 12-13 ounces and have a circumference of 25-26 inches
- This is the international standard size match ball for all ages 12 and up, including all adult play, these balls weighs between 14-16 ounces with a circumference of 27-28 inches.
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